《南傳法句經》第6

 

故事為鄙人摘譯自 K. Sri Dhammananda 長老主編的英文版 The Dhammapada,添枝減葉若干。

 

  《法句經》第6偈講的是僧團內部的不和、以及所產生的惡果。佛陀總盼望大眾和合,無諍為上;但就算是修行人,也難免因知見差異而起爭執。

   話說在憍賞彌(Kosambi),一群比丘因著細故引發口角。其中一派比丘追隨以戒律為主的上師,另一派則以經典為主。這兩派不時彼此攻訐謾罵,甚至連佛陀的勸解也不聽。弟子不聽話,天人師也沒轍。不過,佛陀曉得他們終將省悟自身的過錯,於是獨自離開,前往深林中結夏安居。佛陀孤身一人誰照顧?別擔心,林中的大象和猴子侍候著呢。

  憍賞彌的在家眾獲悉佛陀離開的理由後,可不高興了,拒絕提供那群比丘生活所需。缺衣少食能怎辦?那群比丘終於明白自己的愚蠢,決定和解。然而,在家眾對比丘們的態度依舊不如從前恭敬,除非他們承認佛陀之所以離開,全是他們的錯。在家眾要求他們向佛陀道歉、請求原諒。但佛陀遠在林深不知處,此時正是雨安居的中期,比丘可不行隨意走動。所以呢,這群愛吵架的比丘只好忍饑挨苦熬過雨安居。

  雨安居結束時,阿難尊者偕同多位其他比丘將消息轉告佛陀,懇請他回來,保證大家都已痛改前非。佛陀看看時候到了,便返回舍衛城的祇園精舍。當那群比丘見到佛陀時,立刻向前禮敬,坦承過錯。佛陀接著告誡眾人,世間無常,大家必須停止諍論,別活得好像永遠不會死似的。

 

 

[巴利原文與英譯取自 Nārada 長老編譯的 The Dhammapada

 

006 Quarrels Cease Through Right Thinking

 

Pare ca na vijānanti

Mayamettha yamāmase

Ye ca tattha vijānanti

Tato sammanti medhagā

 

 

The others know not that in this quarrel we perish; those of them who realize it have their quarrels calmed thereby.

 

 

[中譯取自法增比丘的《南傳法句經新譯》]

 

愚人*不明瞭,人生終歸死;

彼等若明瞭,諍論自息滅。

 

 

*Kosambi的諍論比丘

 

 

NOTES 

註釋主要依據: A Dictionary of the Pali Language, by R. C. Childers;

Pali-English Dictionary, by T. W. Rhys Davids and W. Stede

 

Para: (adj) other, different; opposite, adverse; distant, further

Pare: (m. pl.) other men

Ca: (conj) and; but; even

Na: (negative particle) not

Vijānāti: to discern, distinguish, perceive, learn, understand, know exactly

Mayaṃ: (pron) we

Ettha: (adv) here; herein; now

Yamati: to perish; to restrain, suppress;

Yamāmase: (1st pers. pl. imperative, ātm. with a future sense) we shall perish

Ye: (pron. pl.) who, which, what; they who

Tattha, tatra: (adv) there; thither; in that case; now; in that, therein

Tato: (adv) thence, therefrom; thereafter, subsequently; further, moreover

Sammati: to be appeased or calmed; to cease   pp. santa

Medhaga: (m) quarrel, strife

 

 

 

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